Dr Reza Hasmath

Lecturer in Chinese Politics

Reza Hasmath (PhD, Cambridge) was formally trained in philosophy, public policy, international studies and law, diplomacy, and social and political sciences, as well as in various East Asian and Western European languages. He has held faculty positions in Management and Sociology at the Universities of Toronto and Melbourne, and has previously worked for think-tanks, consultancies, development agencies, and NGOs in USA, Canada, UK, Australia and China. He is an Associate Professor in Political Science at the University of Alberta; Tutor in the Politics of China at Hertford College, University of Oxford; and, a Research Associate in the China Growth Centre, St. Edmund Hall, and the Department of Social Policy and Intervention at the University of Oxford. Further, he is an Honorary Member of the China Studies Centre, University of Sydney, a team member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ China Household Ethnicity Survey Project, and the Foundation Editor of Routledge’s Book Series on the Politics and Sociology of China. His current research is supported by various grant schemes, notably the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation, and can be summarized in threefold: (1) Analyzing evolving state-society relationships in China, and its policy-specific implications; (2) Examining the education (esp. tertiary level) and labour market (from the job search, hiring and promotion process) experiences of ethnic minorities in the Canadian, American, Australian and Chinese contexts; and, (3) Assessing the theories and practices of international development, and differential treatment in international society.



Research and Supervision Interests

Immigration and Migration

International Development Theory and Practice        
Managing Ethnic Diversity                                         
NGO Governance and Management                           

Organizational Behaviour                                           

Political and Social Theory

Political Sociology
Politics and Sociology of Contemporary China

Social Policy
Work and the Labour Market





1.  Gustafsson, B., Hasmath, R. and Sai, D., eds. (In Preparation) Ethnicity and Inequality in China.

2.  Hasmath, R. (Under Review) Ethnicity in Contemporary Urban China.

3.  Hasmath, R., and Hsu, J. eds. (2015) NGO Governance and Management in China. New York and

        Oxford: Routledge. [ISBN: 9781138909977]

     Chapter (w/J. Hsu): “Governing and Managing NGOs in China”, pp. 1-8.

     Chapter (w/J. Hsu): “What Explains a Lack of Local State-NGO Collaboration? A Neo-Institutional

        Perspective”, pp. 109-122.

4.  Hasmath, R., ed. (2015) Inclusive Growth, Development and Welfare Policy: A Critical Assessment.

        New York and Oxford: Routledge. [ISBN: 9781138840799]

     Chapter: “The Paradigms of Inclusive Growth, Development and Welfare Policy”, pp. 1-9.

     Chapter: “The Beijing Consensus as a Philosophical Tool”, pp. 81-90.

5.  Hsu, J. and Hasmath, R., eds. (2013) The Chinese Corporatist State: Adaptation, Survival and

        Resistance. New York and Oxford: Routledge. [ISBN: 9780415640725 (hardcover);

        9781138851870 (paperback)]

     Chapter (w/J. Hsu): “The Changing Faces of State Corporatism in China”, pp. 1-9.

     Chapter (w/J. Hsu): “The Rise and Impact of the Local State on the NGO Sector”, pp. 120-135.

     Chapter (w/J. Hsu): “The Chinese Corporatist State: Lessons Learned for Other Jurisdictions”,


     Reviewed in Journal of Chinese Political Science 18(4): 403-404. 

6.  Hasmath, R. (2012) The Ethnic Penalty: Immigration, Education and the Labour Market. Burlington, VT

        and Surrey, UK: Ashgate. [ISBN: 9781409402114]

     Reviewed in Ethnic and Racial Studies 36(5): 915-916, Migration Australia 2:41, Migration Letters

        9(3): 295-296, and Work, Employment and Society 28(4): 671-672.

7.  Hasmath, R., ed. (2011) Managing Ethnic Diversity: Meanings and Practices from an International

        Perspective. Burlington, VT and Surrey, UK: Ashgate. [ISBN: 9781409411215]

      Chapter: “The Complexities of Ethnic Diversity”, pp. 1-10.

     Chapter: “The Identification, Settlement and Representation of Ethnic Minorities in Beijing”,

        pp. 85-102.

      Chapter: “Comparing Ethno-Development Outcomes in Toronto and Taipei”, pp. 103-118.

     Reviewed in Asian Ethnicity 13(4): 473-476, Canadian Ethnic Studies 41/42(3/1): 261-266,

        Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews 41: 494-495, Journal of Identity and Migration

        Studies 5(1): 140-143, and Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 34(7): 748-750.

8.  Hasmath, R. (2010) A Comparative Study of Minority Development in China and Canada. New York and

        Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. [ISBN: 9780230100381]

      • Reviewed in Journal of Sociology 50(4): 616-618.

9.  Hasmath, R. and Hsu, J., eds. (2009) China in an Era of Transition: Understanding Contemporary State

        and Society Actors. New York and Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. [ISBN: 9780230613508]

      Chapter (w/J. Hsu): “Introduction”, pp. 1-4.

     Chapter: “Developing Minority Nationalities in Contemporary Urban China”, pp. 45-60.

     Reviewed in Journal of Chinese Political Science 15(4): 443-444.


Book Chapters

1.  Hsu, J. and Hasmath, R. (2016) “Chinese NGOs as Welfare Providers: Challenges and Constraints”, in

        B. Carrillo, J. Hood and P. Kadetz (eds.) Handbook of Welfare in China. Northampton, MA and

        Cheltenham, UK: Edwards Elgar.

2.  Hasmath, R. (2015) “Ethnic Minority Status, Class, and the Urban Labour Market”, in Y. Guo (ed.) 

        Handbook of Class and Social Stratification in China. Northampton, MA and Cheltenham, UK:

        Edwards Elgar.

3.  Hasmath, R. (2014) “The Ethnic Minority Experience in the Urban Labour Market”, pp. 155-167 in Z.

        Cheng, M. Wang and J. Chen (eds.) China's Urban Workers in the New Era: Market Reform, Current

        State and the Road Forward. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
4.  Hasmath, R. (2011) “Managing China’s Muslim Minorities: Migration, Labour and the Rise of Ethno-

        Religious Consciousness Among Uyghurs in Urban Xinjiang”, pp. 121-137 in J. Barbalet, A. Possamai

        and B.S. Turner (eds.) Religion and the State: A Comparative Sociology. New York and London:

        Anthem Press.

5.  Hasmath, R. (2010) “Shangri-la has Forsaken Us: China's Ethnic Minorities, Identity, and Government

        Repression”, pp. 441-458 in J. Adekunle and H. Williams (eds.) Color Struck: Essays on Race and

        Ethnicity in Global Perspective. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
6.  Hasmath, R. (2009) “Dealing with Urban Ethnic Differences: A Comparative Analysis of Chinese and

        Canadian Strategies”, pp. 93-108 in H. Cao (ed.) Ethnic Minorities and Regional Development in Asia:

        Reality and Challenges. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
7.  Hasmath, R. (2007) “Canadian Multiculturalism: A Sociological and Human Development Perspective”,

        pp. 43-48 in D. McMurray and T. Mori (eds.) Canada Project in Kyushu Symposia, Volume 2.

        Kagoshima: Institute for Regional Studies, International University of Kagoshima.


Journal Articles

1.  Hasmath, R. and Ho, B. (2015) “Job Acquisition, Retention and Outcomes for Ethnic Minorities in

        Urban China”, Eurasian Geography and Economics 56.

2.  Hasmath, R. and Maurer-Fazio, M. (2015) “The Contemporary Ethnic Minority in China: An

        Introduction”, Eurasian Geography and Economics 56.

3.  Hasmath, R. and Hsu, J. (2014) “Isomorphic Pressures, Epistemic Communities and State-NGO

        Interactions”, The China Quarterly 220: 936-954.

     Chinese Translation: 同构压力,认知群体,政府-NGO 合作在中国.

4.  Cook, J. and Hasmath, R. (2014) “The Discursive Construction and Performance of Gendered Identity

        on Social Media”, Current Sociology 62(7): 975-993.

5.  Hsu, J. and Hasmath, R. (2014) “The Local Corporatist State and NGO Relations in China”, Journal of

        Contemporary China 23(87): 516-534.

     Chinese Translation: 中国和主地方政府与非政府组织.

6.  McKenzie, J. and Hasmath, R. (2013) “Deterring the ‘Boat People’: Explaining the Australian

        Government's People Swap Response to Asylum Seekers”, Australian Journal of Political Science 48

        (4): 417-430.
7.  Hasmath, R. (2011) “The Education of Ethnic Minorities in Beijing”, Ethnic and Racial Studies 34(11):

8.  Hasmath, R. (2011) “From Job Search to Hiring to Promotion: The Labour Market Experiences of

        Ethnic Minorities in Beijing”, International Labour Review 150(1/2): 189-201.
     Winner of the Society for the Study of Social Problems’ Poverty, Class, and Inequality Division Paper


      French Translation: “Recherche d’Emploi, Embauche et Promotions le Vécu des Minorités Ethniques

        sur le Marché du Travail de Beijing”.
      Spanish Translation: “De la Búsqueda de Empleo al Ascenso. Experiencias de las Minorías Etnicas en

9.  Hasmath, R. and Hsu, J. (2008) “NGOs in China: Issues of Good Governance and Accountability”, Asia

        Pacific Journal of Public Administration 30(1): 1-11.

     Chinese Translation: 中国公民社会组织良好治理的研.
10.  Hasmath, R. (2008) “The Big Payoff? Educational and Occupational Attainments of Ethnic Minorities in

          Beijing”, European Journal of Development Research 20(1): 104-116.
       Winner of the European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes’ Research Prize

          for Development Studies.
11.  Hasmath, R. and Hsu, J. (2007) “Social Development in the Tibet Autonomous Region: A Contemporary

          and Historical Analysis”, International Journal of Development Issues 6(2): 125-141.
12.  Hasmath, R. (2007) “The Paradox of Ethnic Minority Development in Beijing”, Comparative Sociology

          6(4): 464-480.

13.  Hasmath, R. and Hsu, J. (2007) “Big Business, NGOs and Labor Standards in Developing Nations: A

          Critical Reflection”, Asian Journal of Social Policy 3(1): 1-15.


Working Papers 

1.  Hasmath, R. and Hsu, J. (2015) “Communities of Practice and Social Learning: An Analysis of the NGO

        Sector in China”, Paper Presented at Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and

        Voluntary Action Annual Conference (Chicago, USA), November 19-21.

2.  Hsu, J. and Hasmath, R. (2015) “Approaching Maturity: The Role of Knowledge and Professionalization

        in the Development of Chinese NGOs”, Paper Presented at American Sociological Association Annual

        Meeting (Chicago, USA), August 22-25.

3.  MacDonald, A. and Hasmath, R. (2015) “What is the Role of Discrimination in Minority Salary

        Determination? Evidence from China”, Paper Presented at Academy of Management Annual Meeting

        (Vancouver, Canada), August 7-11.

4.  Hasmath, R. (2014) “White Cat, Black Cat or Good Cat: The Beijing Consensus as an Alternative

        Philosophy for Policy Deliberation? The Case of China”, University of Oxford Department of Social

        Policy and Intervention Barnett Papers in Social Research 14-02: 1-19.

5.  Tam, J. and Hasmath, R. (2014) “Navigating Uncertainty: The Survival Strategies of Religious NGOs

        in China, University of Oxford Department of Sociology Working Paper 2014-07: 1-17.

6.  Hasmath, R. (2014) “What Explains a Rise of Ethnic Minority Tensions in China?”, Paper Presented at

        American Sociological Association Annual Meeting (San Francisco, USA), August 16-19.

7.  Hasmath, R. (2014) “The Interactions of Ethnic Minorities in Beijing”, University of Oxford Centre on

        Migration, Policy and Society Working Paper 14-111: 1-26.
8.  Hasmath, R. (2012) “The Utility of Regional Jus Cogens”, Paper Presented at American Political Science

        Association Annual Meeting (New Orleans, USA), August 30-September 2.
      Winner of the Society for the Study of Social Problems’ Law and Society Division Alfred R.

        Lindesmith Award.


Policy Briefs and Technical Reports

1.  Hasmath, R. and Wyzycka, N. (2015) The Growth and Behaviour of China's Middle Class. Oxford:

        Oxford Analytica.

2.  Hasmath, R. and Wyzycka, N. (2014) Despite an Economic Slowdown, China has a Strategy. Boston:

        The Fletcher Forum on World Affairs.

3.  Hasmath, R. (2014) Ethnic Violence in Xinjiang: Causes, Responses and Future Outlook. Nottingham:

        China Policy Institute Policy Paper No. 7.

4.  Hasmath, R. (2014) The Underrepresentation of Women in STEM Jobs. Oxford: Oxford Analytica.

5.  Wyzycka, N. and Hasmath, R. (2014) EU will Struggle to Boost China's IP Regime. Oxford: Oxford


6.  Hasmath, R. (2014) Chinese NGOs 'Go Global'. Oxford: Oxford Analytica.

7.  Hasmath, R. (2013) The China Dream: Ideology, Aspiration or Something Else? Oxford: Oxford


8.  Hasmath, R. (2013) Low Level Ethnic Violence Set to Persist in China. Oxford: Oxford Analytica.
9.  Hasmath, R. (2008) Career Pathways’ Workforce Profile Report. Cambridge: University of Cambridge.
10.  Hasmath, R. (2006) The Impact of Walmart China on the Domestic Supply Chain: A Preliminary Report

          Beijing: Action Aid International China.
11.  Hasmath, R. (2005) Auto Insurance Regulatory Review: A Comparison of 61 Jurisdictions in Canada,

          the United States and United Kingdom. Toronto: The Fraser Institute.
12.  Hasmath, R. (2001) Towards a Revised Public Affairs Model for the Canadian High Commission in

          Canberra. Sydney: University of New South Wales.


Book Reviews
1.  Hasmath, R. (2014) Review of J. Midgley's Social Development: Theory and Practice, Journal of

        Development Studies 50(9): 1321-1323.

2.  Hasmath, R. (2009) Review of E.K. Jenne’s Ethnic Bargaining: The Paradox of Minority Empowerment,

        Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 15(1): 136-137.
3.  Hasmath, R. (2008) Review of F. Shanti’s Race and the City: Chinese Canadian and Chinese American

        Political Mobilization, Canadian Ethnic Studies 41(1): 206-207.
4.  Hasmath, R. (2007) Review of M. Rossabi’s Governing China’s Multiethnic Frontiers, M. Rossabi,

        Progress in Development Studies 7(4): 372-373.
5.  Hasmath, R. (2007) Review of D. Brown an A. MacBean’s (eds.) Challenges for China’s Development:

        An Enterprise Perspective, Political Studies Review 5(2): 285.

Contact Information

Office: + (44-1865) 613-827
Email: reza.hasmath [at] area.ox.ac.uk
Research Website: http://works.bepress.com/rhasmath/